According to all wine connoisseur not every grape can make good wine. In order to make good wine you need perfect grapes. Wine making and grape growing are linked. Better the quality of grapes more delectable your wine would be. So, if you are after great wine you should start from the plant that is sown in your vineyard.
Just as with real estate, location will have a lot of impact on grape growing. Maximum sunlight exposure will help grapevines in producing more sugar so that it is fermented faster during wine makings. Sunlight needs to fall on the entire surface of the grapevine and you need to be careful that is not concentrated on just one of its parts.
The second factor when thinking about importance is the soil. The part that is the most amazing is that you do not necessarily need a fertile and rich in nutrients soil to produce good wine. Any soil deficient in nutrients is to offer small grapes and they are not that great in producing wine at times. If you want to prevent root rott then you need to drain the soil. If the soil is devoid of any nutrients using compost would suffice.
A good plantation layout should include 8 feet of free space between rows and every single plant needs a minimum of six feet of personal space. In most cases you will gain around 1 gallon of wine with every vine. Whenever you are planning vine numbers we recommend that you only think about how much wine you can obtain and always make sure that extra vines are planted as losses will appear.
Grapevines will grow a lot. However, for a better output it is advisable to put supports like trellis to assist the growth of wines upwards. You may also dig large holes in the soil for better drainage of the soil as any excess water in the soil may spoil the roots.
When the planting starts in the first year there is a need to secure and pick those vines that are really strong by using strings and never hot wires. Wires can harm your tender vine greatly. The shoots that are strong should be left intact while the balance ones need to be chopped off. You need to prune the vines are they are dormant during winter. Repeat the process every single year so that you can gain the best possible vine. Two to three years of this pruning will provide your plant a strong structure to grow on.
Have a hydrometer handy at all times. You may purchase it from any shop that retails wine making accessories. A hydrometer would help you access the specific gravity of the juice of the grapes. Ideally the specific gravity should be in the range of 1.095 to 1.105 so that proper harvesting time is analyzed for grapes.
Although you will spend a lot of time when growing grapes and making wine the satisfaction at the end of work is really high. If you want to build a successful enterprise you will need to learn as much as possible about wine making and grape growing.